Red, Black and Green are the oldest national colors known to man. They are used as the flag of the Black Liberation Movement in America today, but actually go back to the Zinj Empires of ancient Africa, which existed thousands of years before Rome, Greece, France, England or America.
The Red, or the blood, stands as the top of all things. We lost our land through blood; and we cannot gain it except through blood. We must redeem our lives through the blood. Without the shedding of blood there can be no redemption of this race. However, the bloodshed and sorrow will not last always. The Red significantly stands in our flag as a reminder of the truth of history, and that men must gain and keep their liberty, even at the risk of bloodshed.
The Black is in the middle. The Black man in this hemisphere has yet to obtain land which is represented by the Green. The acquisition of land is the highest and noblest aspiration for the Black man on this continent, since without land there can be no freedom, justice, independence, or equality.
The colors were resurrected by the Hon. Marcus Garvey, Father of African Nationalism, as the symbol of the struggling sons and daughters of Africa, wherever they may be. Since the 1950's, when the independence struggle began to reap fruit, the Red, Black and Green have been plainly adopted by Libya, Kenya and Afghanistan. Other African States have included the colors Black and Red, combined with yellow or white.
The colors were established in 1920 as the banner of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), and adopted as the symbol of Africans in America at the convention of the Negro People's of the World. It is a symbol of the devotion of all African people to the liberation of the African Continent, and the establishment of a Nation in Africa ruled by descendents of slaves from the Western World.
In addition, with the formation of the Republic of News Africa, it has become the symbol of devotion for African people in America to establish an independent African nation on the North American Continent.
Thus, the colors
were not chosen at any limited convention of Black persons; but, have
been, in centuries past, and are now the emblem of true Black hope and
pride, as embodied in all theories of Pan-Africanism and Black Nationalism.